The Swedish language has roughly nine million speakers worldwide, and is very similar to other languages in the region, such as Norwegian and Danish. According to Wikipedia, Sweden is the native home of Swedish, but there are significant pockets of Swedish speakers in Finland, Norway, and other parts of Europe as well, making it one of Europe’s official languages currently. There are loanwords from German and English in the Standard Swedish dialect, the most commonly used dialect, along with a few Latin and Dutch loanwords as well.

Standard Swedish is the main dialect, but five other main dialects help make up the language, in addition to sub-dialects based on these. They include:

  • Norrland
  • Finland Swedish, mostly spoken in the coastal areas
  • Svealand
  • Gotland
  • Gotaland
  • South Swedish
  • Rinkeby, spoken by many young people as a dialect, also classified as a sub-dialect of Standard Swedish

Since so many Swedish speakers are turning to languages like English as a secondary language, some are beginning to refer to their language as Swenglish. There are many English loanwords that make up the vocabulary, but regional and cultural idioms still apply in most cases. In the future, Swenglish may be considered a dialect of the Swedish language.

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