Bengali is the native language for regions such as Bengal, but it is also a primary language in some parts of India as well. Among the top 10 world’s primary spoken and/or written languages, currently ranked at number 7, Bengali is a very important addition to our repertoire. Three separate national anthems have been composed in Bengali, showing its importance amongst world languages.
According to Wikipedia, “Bengali has as many as 100,000 separate words, of which 50,000 are considered Tôtsômô (direct re-borrowings from Sanskrit), 21,100 are Tôdbhôbô (native words), and the rest are bideshi (foreign borrowings) and deshi (Austroasiatic borrowings) words. However, these figures do not take into account the fact that a large proportion of these words are archaic or highly technical, minimizing their actual usage. The productive vocabulary used in modern literary works, in fact, is made up mostly of Tôdbhôbô words, while Tôtsômô only makes up 25% of the total. Deshi and Bideshi words make up the remaining 8% of the vocabulary used in modern Bengali literature.”
Keep in mind that, like many other languages, words from other countries and cultures have been assimilated for use in the Bengali language. This includes words from the Asian, Indonesian, Persian, Arab, and similar regions. When requesting linguistic services, be sure to let us know if special consideration should be paid to these types of words.